Diabetic nephropathy is a complication of diabetes and is characterized by proteinuria (normal urinary albumin excretion is <30 mg/day; overt proteinuria is >300 mg/day). Before overt proteinuria develops, albumin excretion increases in those diabetic patients who are destined to develop diabetic nephropathy. Due to biologic variability, positive results should be confirmed by a second, first-morning random or 24-hour timed urine specimen. If there is discrepancy, a third specimen is recommended. When 2 out of 3 results are in the microalbuminuria range, this is evidence for incipient nephropathy and warrants increased efforts at glucose control, blood pressure control, and institution of therapy with an angiotensin-converting-enzyme (ACE) inhibitor.
First morning urine sample preferred.
Download the free health test app from Dr. B. Lal Clinical Laboratory. Find all the healthcare information and needs you require in just one place. You can schedule home collection, see reports, save medical history, search for more than 1800 tests, and more with just one app. Available both on iOS and Android. Simplify healthcare, download the Dr. B. Lal Clinical Lab App.